In this passage we see two driving truths: First, Christ is supreme over creation. He is the firstborn, not in that he himself was created, but in that he has all the rights and authority over creation. This is explained through the fact that Jesus made all things, he sustains all things, and, even more specifically, he leads his church in the work he is doing. Second, Christ is supreme in God’s plan. He is the firstborn from the dead, having all the authority as the first to rise from the dead and never die again. This is possible because he is God. The outcome is reconciliation by his death and resurrection.